Civil / Domestic Partnership

Law, 1968

Having all the characteristics of being married, but not being married.

Unsurprisingly, it was the French who led the way in 1968 with article 515–81 of the Code Civil defining a domestic partnership or concubinage (“concubinage or concubinage notoire”) for straight or same-sex couples. In 1979, Californian gay rights activist Tom Brougham proposed it as a “new” idea in the US.