Political Science, 1915

Generic right-wing or conservative person pulled towards authoritarian behaviour out of desperation and frustration with left-wing rhetoric.

The traditional enemy of left-wing extremists advocating communism after the Russian Revolution. Derived from fascismo (Italian) from fascio (“a bundle of sticks”) with its root in fasces (Latin). The Fascist Revolutionary Party was founded in 1915 by Italy’s youngest prime minister, Benito Mussolini. In 1921 it became the National Fascist Party, which used the ancient Roman symbol of a magistrate’s bundle of rods tied around an axe, symbolising the ability to order capital punishment upon demand. Mussolini won in 1924 and established a dictatorship. 8 years later in England Oswald Mosley founded the British Union of Fascists which became infamous during the 1936 Battle of Cable Street.